C++ is an extension of the C programming language that allows cross-platform developments and capabilities.
Call options are financial contracts that give an option buyer the right, but not the obligation, to purchase a stock, bond, commodity or other asset at a specific price.
A candlestick chart is a graphing technique used to show changes in price over time. Each candle provides 4 points of information opening price, closing price, high, and low. Also known as “candles” for short.
Capital is most commonly defined as the large sum of money you would use to invest.
Capital efficiency is the ratio that compares the spending of a company on their growing revenue and how much they are receiving in return in the way of profits.
Capital funding is the money provided in the form of debt or equity to operate a company.
Capitulation is the process of selling assets or cryptocurrencies at a significant loss because you have lost hope or belief that it will ever increase in price.
A physical unit of Bitcoin that comes in the form of brass, silver or gold-plated coins.
Cash is the most liquid form of money: physical coins and banknotes in the most narrow sense of the term.
Cathie Wood is a top stock investor and the founder of ARK Invest, a $60 billion (assets) firm that invests in cutting-edge technologies, including self-driving vehicles and genomics.
CeDeFi, or centralized decentralized finance, combines traditional centralized financial services with decentralized applications, merging conventional regulatory policies with modern financial products and infrastructure.
Censorship is the act of altering, suppressing, or prohibiting speech or writing that is considered detrimental to the general public.
Censorship resistance refers to the idea that no party can prevent anyone from participating in a given platform or network.
In contemporary economies, the central bank is responsible for the formulation and transmission of monetary policy, as well as for the regulation of member banks.
Central Bank Digital Currency
CBDCs are digital currencies issued by a central bank whose status as legal tender depends on government regulation or law.
A central ledger is a physical book or a computer file used to record transactions in a centralized manner.
Central Processing Unit (CPU)
A central processing unit (CPU) is the part of a computer that is in charge of interpreting and executing programs and coordinating the work of all other components.
A centralized organizational structure is one in which a single node or a small number of them are in control of an entire network.
Centralized Exchange (CEX)
Centralized exchanges (CEXs) are a type of cryptocurrency exchange that is operated by a company that owns it in a centralized manner.
Certificate of Deposit (CD)
A certificate of deposit (CD) is a financial product allowing customers to earn an interest rate premium after making a deposit.
Chain reorganization is a process in blockchain technology that allows node operators to replace blocks and adopt new ones, in order to create new, longer chains of data.
Chain splits are another term used to describe cryptocurrency forks — the separation of a single original coin into several independently managed projects.
Change — a concept relevant to cryptocurrencies that use the UTXO model — is the number of coins sent back to a user after they use their unspent outputs to initiate a transaction.
In cryptocurrencies, a change address is where the change from a transaction is temporarily stored before it is returned to the sender wallet.
Changpeng Zhao (CZ)
Changpeng Zhao (CZ) is the founder of crypto exchange Binance.
A chargeback is the return of money to the payer of a certain transaction, most commonly one that was made with a credit or debit card.
Chicago Mercantile Exchange (CME)
The Chicago Mercantile Exchange (CME) is one of the largest exchanges dealing in the trading of futures and options in the United States.
A cipher is any algorithm that can be used to encrypt and decrypt information.
Ciphertext is a result of encryption that has been performed on plaintext through the usage of an algorithm
The best approximation of the number of coins that are circulating in the market and in the general public’s hands.
A client is software that can access and process blockchain transactions on a local computer. A common application of this is a cryptocurrency software wallet.
Refers to the closing price; similar to the same term used in stock trading.
Cloud servers are typically located throughout different data centers all over the world.
Cryptocurrency mining with remote processing power rented from companies.
A person or entity that has partial control and access over a cryptocurrency wallet.
The action of coding is to write programming statements for a program.
A coin can refer to a cryptocurrency that can operate independently or to a single unit of such cryptocurrency.
Coin mixers allow users to mix up transactions between different cryptocurrency addresses, so they become untraceable and cannot be followed back to the initial sender or receiver of the assets.
In mineable cryptocurrencies, a coinbase is the number of coins that are generated from scratch and awarded to miners for mining every new block.
The first transaction in a new block is a coinbase transaction in which the miner receives Bitcoins and mining fees.
Offline storage of cryptocurrencies, typically involving hardware non-custodial wallets, USBs, offline computers, or paper wallets.
A cryptocurrency wallet that is in cold storage, i.e. not connected to the internet.
Collateral is any asset that a lender accepts as a form of security to ensure that the borrower repays a loan.
In cryptocurrency, collateral tokens are used as a risk mitigation asset when borrowing other types of crypto tokens.
Collateralization is the process of using one asset as insurance for securing a loan in a different asset.
Collateralized Debt Obligation
A collateralized debt obligation (CDO) represents a mixture of loans and assets that are offered to big investment firms with a lot of capital.
Collateralized Debt Position (CDP)
A collateralized debt position is held by locking collateral in smart contracts to generate stablecoins.
Collateralized Mortgage Obligation (CMO)
A collateralized mortgage obligation (CMO) is essentially a bundle of numerous mortgages combined in a package and sold to investors.
A “collateralized stablecoin” is a stablecoin that is entirely or almost entirely backed by collateral held in a reserve.
Commingling of funds is a method of combining all funds from different investors into a single investment in order to maximize the benefits.
Commodity Futures Trading Commission (CFTC)
The Commodity Futures Trading Commission (CFTC) is an independent federal regulatory agency responsible for regulation the U.S. derivatives market.
Composable DeFi refers to the interoperability between different DeFi protocols. It enables a multitude of DeFi applications to work along and create a wide range of new use cases and financial products.
A composable token is an ERC-998 token, a standard extension to any non-fungible token, adding the ability for non-fungible tokens to own other non-fungible (ERC-721) and fungible (ERC-20) tokens.
In cryptocurrency, a confirmation is a measure of how many blocks have actually passed since a transaction was added to a blockchain.
A cryptocurrency transaction is considered confirmed when it is included in a block on the blockchain. Each new block after the first one is an additional confirmation for that transaction.
Consensus is achieved when all participants of the network agree on the order and content of the blocks in the blockchain.
A consensus mechanism is an underlying technology behind the main functionalities of all blockchain technology, which makes them an essential operating feature of all cryptocurrencies.
ConsenSys is a blockchain technology company that offers developer tools alongside enterprise solutions.
A privately owned and operated blockchain where a consortium shares information not readily available to the public, while relying on the immutable and transparent properties of the blockchain.
Consumer Price Index (CPI)
A Consumer Price Index (or CPI) is a type of index where the prices of a basket of goods and services are tracked to gain insights into market segments
In traditional finance, a contract is a binding agreement between two parties. In cryptocurrencies, smart contracts execute functions on the blockchain.
A contract account is an account that has a crypto balance and associated code.
Contract for Difference (CFD)
A contract for difference (CFD) outlines a buyer’s obligation to pay any price difference that might occur due to the shifting valuation of an asset.
In blockchain technology, a coordinator is a specialized client that allows nodes to verify the validity of their copy of the ledger against specific transactions.
A core crypto wallet is able to contain the entire blockchain, rather than just a piece of a blockchain.
A corporate treasury is formed to manage and control the liquidity, risk, funds, capital reserves, and other resources of a company to align with its short and long-term strategies.
A correction is a pullback of an asset’s price of at least 10% to adjust for over-valuation.
Since mining requires computing power, the process of generating or mining cryptocurrency using a central processing unit (CPU) is called CPU mining (or central processing unit mining).
Craig Wright is an Australian computer scientist associated with Bitcoin SV.
Craig Wright is an Australian computer scientist that has publicly claimed to be Bitcoin inventor Satoshi Nakamoto.
Credit rating is a measure that allows banks and lending institutions to predict how capable you are of repaying your debt.
Crest risk is the number representing the possibility that a bank or lending institution will lose money because a borrower cannot repay their loan.
Cross-border trading in financial markets and trade finance represents the opportunity to trade globally using a local currency.
Cross-chain is a technology that enhances the interconnection between blockchain networks by allowing the exchange of information and value.
Cross-chain communication between blockchains allows different protocols to verify data and transactions without the intervention of a centralized third-party service.
Crowdfunding enables fundraisers to collect money from a large number of people through a variety of different platforms.
The practice of new projects to raise funds through DOT or KSM tokens for slots on Kusama or Polkadot network.
Crypto Debit Card
A crypto debit card is a type of debit card that allows its holder to pay for goods and services using cryptocurrencies.
Crypto invoicing is the process of creating invoices for goods and services that need to be paid in cryptocurrencies.
A cryptoasset is any digital asset that uses cryptographic technologies to maintain its operation as a currency or decentralized application.
Cryptocurrencies are digital currencies that use cryptographic technologies to secure their operation.
Cryptocurrency Money Laundering
Cryptocurrency money laundering is a method criminals use to legitimize and enshroud funds by changing fiat to digital currency and then routing it through many pathways. It is an attempt to lose any authorities who may be tracing the money.
Exchanges utilize cryptocurrency pairs in order to facilitate the trade between different tokens.
Cryptographic Hash Function
Cryptographic hash functions produce a fixed-size hash value from a variable-size transaction input.
A field of study and practice to secure information, preventing third parties from reading information to which they are not privy.
The use of another party’s computer to mine cryptocurrency without their consent.
Cryptology is the scientific study of cryptography as well as cryptanalysis.
Currency is a medium of exchange that defines value.
A currency crisis is termed as a financial emergency in which a country's fiat currency loses value, and investors become cautious of retaining/investing in that country's assets.
Curve is a software that uses multiple cryptocurrencies to operate an automated market maker (AMM) service focused on stablecoins (cryptocurrencies programmed to mimic other assets).
Custodial cryptocurrency businesses are the ones that are in possession of their customers’ funds for the duration of the use of their services.
A custodian is responsible for safely holding assets for an institution or individual for a variety of purposes.
Custody is a financial institution's legal capacity to keep and preserve financial assets for its clients to avoid asset theft or loss.
The cypherpunk movement promotes the use of cryptography and other privacy-focused technologies to advance social and political progress.